يقول مسؤولون أن تشديد العقوبات وتقليل الاعتماد على نظم العدالة التقليدية يمكن أن يساعد في وضع حد لارتفاع معدلات الاغتصاب في جمهورية أرض الصومال المعلنة من جانب واحد. وفي تصريح لشبكة الأنباء الإنسانية (إيرين)، قال عبدي عبدالله حسن، مدير الشؤون الاجتماعية في وزارة العمل والشؤون الاجتماعية في أرض الصومال: "تشير تقديراتنا إلى وقوع حوالي 5,000 حالة اغتصاب في أرض الصومال في عام 2012، مقارنة بـ 4,000 حالة في عام 2011. ولا توجد معلومات عن معدلات العنف القائم على النوع الاجتماعي في أرض الصومال".

يشكو نشطاء حقوقيون من ارتفاع مفاجئ في وتيرة الاغتصاب الذي تمارسه عصابات إجرامية منظمة في أرض الصومال، المنفصلة عن الصومال والتي لا يعترف بها المجتمع الدولي. ويشير النشطاء إلى وجود عصابات تجوب العاصمة هرغيسيا تحمل سكاكين تتعقب النساء في شوارع المدينة المغبرة، وتلجأ إلى جرهن إلى منازل أو أماكن ضيقة لاغتصابهن وسرقتهن.

A 21-year-old woman has become the latest victim of a series of deadly attacks against journalists in Somalia.

Rahma Abdulkadir, whose work focused on women's rights, was murdered on Sunday night as she was travelling to her home in the Yaaqshiid neighbourhood of the capital, Mogadishu, colleagues and friends confirmed.

After a protracted conflict that has lasted more than two decades, there's now a sense of relative calm and security in Somalia. The unidentifiable gunmen that patrolled the streets have been replaced by men in smart uniforms.

The new prime minister of Somalia, rated as one of the worst places in the world to be a woman, has appointed a female foreign minister. Fauzia Yusuf Haji Adan was one of two women chosen to join a lean cabinet of 10 ministers charged with leading the east African country out of decades of conflict and building on military gains made against the Islamist militants of al-Shabaab.

Somalia has recently selected its parliament on Somali soil for the first time since the civil war of the late 1980s. This is a significant achievement since regional power brokers such as Ethiopia and Kenya, with the financial and logistical backing of the European Union, the United States and the United Nations, concocted Somali governments in neighbouring countries. 

On the 21st August 2012, a female tea seller traveling in the early evening was dragged from a bus in Awdiinle, Baidoa Region, by Al Shabaab taken to the bush close by and beheaded. The woman in question had been based in Bardaale district (Bay region) and had in the course of her tea selling business served members of the TFG who came to her shop regularly. Although she had received threats from Al Shabaab that she would be killed if she continued to receive business from the TFG, due to her position as sole breadwinner in her household, it was necessary that she continue.

Activists have welcomed a ban on female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in the new constitution of Somalia – a country where 96 percent of women undergo one of the more extreme forms of the practice – but warn that translating the law into action will require more than just a legal declaration. 

Address: P.O. Box 38887-00623, Parklands, Nairobi KENYA

Tel: (+254)-20-374 40 83

Fax: (+254)-20-445 04)

Contact: Mrs. Asha Hagi Elmi Save

This material gives an insight into heath related issue of Somali refugee women, and concerns faced particularly regarding Female Genital Mutilation.

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