The Women’s Movement in Iran: Women at the Crossroads of Secularisation and Islamization

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The paper thus outlines the social and political conditions that have led not only to the development of secular feminist perspectives in Iran, but to the emergence of woman-centred Islamists and their strategies which aim, thus far with considerable success, to fundamentally challenge conventional gender visions often presented as "Islamic." This analysis of the gender debates in Iran, and by extension elsewhere in the Muslim world, reiterates that Islam, particularly as a political ideology, is far from static and unchanging; it is a dynamic and evolving ideological force that is being constructed and reconstructed in the hands of diverse political clergy and more recently by Islamist feminists and the wider society.